Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone with an artificial, synthetic, or natural substitute.
A successful bone graft allows your jaw bone to be strong enough to support your dental implant.
Most dental bone grafting procedures are done to restore your bone to its previous form following tooth loss, gum disease or trauma. Bone grafting may also be used to maintain bone structure after tooth extraction.
Restoring and maintaining facial bone structure is important for several reasons. Many dental procedures, such as dental implant placement, require that the bone be as close to its original dimension and position as possible for optimal results. Also, the jaw and other facial bones support the skin and muscle that are responsible for our outward cosmetic appearance. Without the support of the underlying bone, our faces can look prematurely aged.
The bone graft procedure
The surgeon will use a special bone grafting material, and graft it onto your jaw bone.
You will then have to wait, most likely several months, while the graft creates enough new, strong bone to make sure that the implant will be stable and secure.
It is possible if you only need a minor graft that the procedure might be able to be done at the same time as the implant surgery.